1951 - Some inventions are considered ‘holy grails’. Creating an artificial heart for human beings was a holy grail according to the art of medicine. Jacob Jongbloed, a Dutch professor, demonstrated an artificial heart today in 1951 in Paris. He had constructed a machine doctors had dreamed for since the beginning of modern medicine.
Jacob Jongbloed was a physiologist, born in 1895. After his medicine study he became an aviation doctor, but in 1942 he obtained a position of physiology professor to the Utrecht University. Right after World War II he started working on his invention. An artificial heart could make difficult surgery possible, at the inside of a heart. Like an operation on a heart valve. However, the professor found it hard to get it right and experimented on dogs. He concentrated on a second important machine as well; the heart-lung machine.
First artificial heart implant
After his presentation it would still take a long time, before a permanent artificial heart was implanted in a human body. Another Dutch doctor signed up for the job. On December 1982 Willem Kolff transplanted an artificial heart into the body of American Dentist Barney Clark, who was suffering from a severe heart disease. Clark volunteered for the transplantation because he wanted to make a contribution to medicine. After surgery, the dentist lived another 112 days.
360 trivial fact
A regular woman’s heart is beating faster than a man’s heart by almost 8 beats a minute.
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2005: Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany
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1987: Smoke Underground
1913: Wonder of the world, the Panama Canal
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1988: E.T. on home video
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1980: The media queen
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1987: Black Monday; stock markets crash around the world
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1968: Boeing's 747 is celebrating
1988: The most flamboyant athletic of all time: Flo-Jo
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1964: Congratulations Fiddler on the Roof!
1958: The man who saved millions of lives
1934: Buon compleanno Sophia Loren!
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1978: Outside the box
1955: Tutti Frutti, aw Rooty!
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1930: Happy birthday Scottish Knight Sean Connery
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1963: Happy birthday Whitney Houston!
1974: The White House Watergate Scandal
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1981: I want my MTV
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1947: Happy birthday Herr Schwarzenegger
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1980: The last Shah
1943: Congratulations to sir Michael Philip Jagger
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2011: Rest in peace, Amy Winehouse
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1950: Happy birthday Richard Branson
1954: Congratulations to Angela Merkel
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1971: We wish Elon Musk a happy birthday
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1995: Jonas Salk and the amazing vaccine
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1968: The classical fire of Salvatore Quasimodo
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1989: Robin Williams, an amusing spark of madness
1980: The beginning of CNN
1930: Happy Birthday Clint Eastwood
1431: The national heroine of France was murdered on this day
1954: The first Bilderberg Conference was held on this day
1961: Amnesty International was founded on this day
1923: 'Power is the great aphrodisiac'
1907: Wild West Wayne
1939: Happy Birthday to Sir Ian McKellen
1941: The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan
1937: Businessman John D. Rockefeller died on this day
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1881: Remembering Atatürk
1927: Ritz, guest at a palace
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1905: Congrats Henry Fonda!
1955: Cosmodrome, a glance under the dome
1984: Hooray for the man who changed our social lives
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1981: Let’s get together and remember Bob Marley
1960: Happy birthday to Bono from U2
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1961: George Clooney; an actor against all odds
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1959: The first Grammy Awards were handed on this day
1933: The Godfather of Soul was born on this day
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1994: Today we commemorate racing legend Ayrton Senna
1777: Gauss, the foremost of mathematicians
1980: Rest in Peace Alfred Hitchcock
1974: Penélope Cruz; cruising the world
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2016: Rest In Peace Prince
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2005: On this day Joseph Ratzinger became Pope Benedict XVI
1955: Today we remember Albert Einstein
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1912: Today, 107 years ago, Titanic sank
1865: Abraham Lincoln was shot on this day
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1960: We wish Jeremy Clarkson a Happy Birthday
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2013: The Iron Lady, in her prime
1947: Rest in peace, Henry Ford
1896: The Olympic flame that travelled to space
1950: One of the A’s of Abba celebrates today
1973: Love and hate for the most famous towers in the world
1924: Brando, sleep with the fishes
1914: 'Use the Force, Alec'
2018: ''You little bastard''
1685: Bach, the composer who went to prison
1945: Happy birthday to Eric Clapton!
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1942: Respect for Aretha Franklin!
1905: Jules Verne, future seeing novelist
2011: Who's afraid of Elizabeth Taylor?
1948: Hymns of rock
1617: Pocahontas; uniting new worlds
1602: Harbouring our harbour
1813: Dr Livingstone I presume?
1956: A skiing legend was born today
1919: Do you remember Nat King Cole?
1940: The writer who gave away her Nobel Prize
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1932: The inventor of selfies
1979: The first steps to the Euro
1945: A young girl and her diary
1931: CEO of our knowledge
1988: The Bee Gee brother
1934: Aerospace pioneer
1983: The right dose of DOS
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1936: The first air ship travels the skies
1983: The Adventures of Tintin
1977: Viva la Vida
1810: ''Music has no fatherland''
1940: A racing legend raised in a refugee camp
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1932: Today we commemorate Johnny Cash
1841: Pierre Renoir, a struggling artist who found his place
1990: The Secret Gay Life of Malcolm Forbes
1965: Do you remember Stan Laurel?
1987: Who was Andy Warhol?
1965: Malcolm X’s life in a nutshell
1967: Kurt Cobain’s birthday
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1954: Let’s boogie on the birthday of John Travolta
1963: Happy birthday Michael Jordan!
1923: Archaeologist Howard Carter opens the tomb of King Tutankhamen
1564: Famous astronomer and scientist Galilei Galilei was born on this day
1962: A tour through the White House for everybody in the world
1920: Today we can celebrate the neutrality of Switzerland
1809: The inventor of the theory of evolution was born on this day
1929: How the Vatican City became the smallest country in the world
1996: World chess champion Garry Kasparov loses game to computer
2002: The sad story of Princess Margaret
1969: A large ball of fire hits Chihuahua
1940: The day Pinocchio came to life
1935: The day buying streets and houses became a game
1952: The first ‘don’t walk’ traffic lights were installed in New York
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1990: ''The day I ended apartheid''